IRAN ART EXHIBITION: TURQUOISE INLAY ATTRACTS THE ATTENTION AT FIRST SIGHT
Turquoise inlay is an art which creates a layer of turquoise little-cut stones on the body of metal objects, making and preparing valuable decorative products. Turquoise inlay, as it is done today, is one of the contemporary arts of the recent century, but it has an old history just like the other available arts, because the technique of arraying small pebbles and colourful tiles has a long history not only in Iran but also all around the world, and it is the craftsman’s artistic talent that creates a new design by substitution of applied elements.
Turquoise inlay, generally speaking, involves decorating the surface of metals such as gold and silver and manufacturing gold wares to the surface of metals such as copper and brass. At the present time, it is done only in Isfahan. The underlying layer is made by the artist based on the design of the turquoise part, so that the surrounding of the part where turquoise is to be stuck is embossed for 2 or 3 mm.
The small pebbles of turquoise stone are first purchased from the mines which are situated in Mashhad, Damghan and Neishabour, then classified as per their size, and their wastage is separated. From this stage, the uniform beads of turquoise are arranged and stuck next to each other on the body of the object so that the least distance remains among them. For this purpose, the metal surface is heated up to 30 degrees and a special powder (lacquer) is sprayed on it and is heated again so that the melted lacquer covers the entire surface of the object. Now the body of the object is heated again and the turquoise stones are placed on the melted lacquer, then again a layer of lacquer is melted on the surface to cover the remaining pores. Finally, the finishing operation is done twice during which the extra and unwanted tiny turquoise stones are removed.
The turquoise studded part is polished by olive or sesame oil so that this part becomes as vivid and brilliant as the other parts. Technically the uniformity of the turquoise stones is very important. The sky-blue color of the turquoise, lack of greenish hue and fadedness are among the other points which make the turquoise work of art more valuable.
IRAN ART EXHIBITION: Turquoise inlaying is one of the Iranian emerging art that has been able to attract the attention of many people a round the world in the short time.
Iranian artists have been able to create beautiful works of art by using the raw materials of turquoise and the artistic technique of this field of Iranian handicrafts.
History of Turquoise inlaying
History of Turquoise inlaying It was common last 70 year in Iran The first place of origin of this art was Khorasan.
but over time this time inlaying in Isfahan is the most important center for the production of turquoise inlaying dishes has been imported to other cities,
that todays There are many handicrafts workshops in Naghsh Jahan square in isfahan. and even in other part of the city master crafts and artists prepare the materials and welcome the students in their workshop.
After few months students can learn this art and work in this field. Many handicraft shops have displayed a wide variety of products.
Turquoise inlaying materials
this art are more expensive than other handicrafts. The materials of art are Copper or silver or bronze metal for preparing the desired Container, turquoise stones , glue and polyester protective layers.
The metal that is used in this art must have the necessary quality and in the first stage of work, it must be able to observe the necessary thickness in different parts of the container.
Copper metal is mostly used because it has beautiful Color and its combination with blue turquoise cortes a beautiful landscape.
turquoise inlaying Glue
The turquoise stone used in work must also be of the required quality.
The best and the most beautiful turquoise stone is extracted from Neishabour is one of materials that are preferred in a special way and used to on dishes.
IRAN ART EXHIBITION: This glue should also be prepared using quality materials that have sufficient strength. Current status of turquoise inlaying materials today due to the high price of materials. The performance of this art, especially art home, has slightly decreased.
Rising price of turquoise stone copper, as well as glue or lacquers required for crafts have made many artists unable to produce quality materials. Many made and female artists do this art Carving at home as a home-based business .These people have prepared the materials to do this and set up a small workshop at home and they are doing the work.
Rising prices of materials have hurt these home-based businesses that need to be addressed and necessary facilities should be provided to these dears.