IRAN ART EXHIBITION: WHAT IS DECORATIVE ART?
Decorative art is the art of making useful things beautiful. The decorative arts include pottery making, jewelry making, weaving, woodworking, and other crafts. Different cultures around the world have their own forms of decorative art.
For most of history people made decorative art by hand. In North America, Native Americans made painted pottery and delicate baskets. In the American colonies Paul Revere was well known for creating beautiful silver objects. He made silver utensils, bowls, plates, and candleholders.
In Europe and early America a young woman’s education usually included decorative arts. Girls learned these skills both at school and at home. They learned embroidery and quilt design. They painted flowers and landscapes on tabletops and other household objects.
In the 1800s people began using machines to make decorative art. Factories made pottery, furniture, lamps, and rugs from designs created by artists. The factories turned out thousands of decorative objects from each design.
Arts and Crafts Movement
However, some decorative artists still wanted to create one-of-a kind objects. Many of these artists joined a movement called the Arts and Crafts Movement. Arts and Crafts artists made stained glass windows and lamps by hand. They also made furniture and other kinds of beautiful, useful objects.
IRAN ART EXHIBITION: In the early 1900s a famous school for design opened in Germany. This school was called the Bauhaus. Artists there designed furniture and other objects for the home. They wanted everyday objects to be both useful and artistic. Bauhaus artists believed that the good design of useful things, such as forks and teapots, could improve people’s lives.
Decorative art is still very popular today. Many weavers, jewelers, woodworkers, and other decorative artists sell their work at art shows, in art galleries, or in shops. People who are not artists also enjoy making decorative objects. They learn how to create decorative art from books, magazines, and home decorating shows on television.