IRAN ART EXHIBITION: KHATAMKARI AN LUXURY HANDICRAFT FOR YOUR FRIENDS
What is Persian Inlay Artwork?
Iran is among the first countries in the world that carries the longest history and civilization in the world. It is good to know that Iran is the first country in the world in terms of the world cities of arts and crafts. As you know, Iran has a very diverse climate and is one of the most secure and safest tourist destinations. Therefore, it is a unique opportunity for all those who like to explore Iran tourism industry. So, travelers can get Iran Tourist Visa to travel to Iran, visit all tourist attractions and also buy Persian handicrafts like Persian Inlay Artwork.
Handicrafts like Khatam or Inlay artworks of Iranian have a long history in Iran and flourished especially in Shiraz and Isfahan during the Safavid period. Isfahan is one of the main provinces that make good trade relations with other countries. In the past, Inlaid doors of mosques and shrines, the entrance doors of schools and gardens were all made of this ancient Iranian art.
The history of Persian Inlay Artwork
In the early centuries of Islam, there was a kind of decorative surface art or simple inlay in Iran, which today is famous as square inlay. The components of this type of inlay, instead of triangles, were triangular-shaped pieces, square-shaped, rectangular and parallelogram-shaped and rhombus-shaped pieces. Khatam is a part of the roof of Shiraz Atiq Mosque, which is decorated with a square inlay. Another example of this type of inlay is a pair of doors in the tomb of Amir Samarkand, which is currently kept in the Hermitage Museum. The date of construction of these doors dates back to the ninth century AH and in its decoration, mosaic art, Khatam works with geometric patterns, calligraphy and thirds have been used.
This art spread in Iran in a modern way when Mongol conquered Iran. Other researchers believe that Inlay established during Deilaman period in Iran and in the city of Shiraz. It reached its peak in Safavid era in Isfahan for the government supported artists. And also, in this time, it became a trade staff because of Iran international relations with other countries. Safavid kings basically considered this Persian Inlay Artwork as a kind of decorative art.
Art Khatamkarai Before Islam in Iran
In Iran, before Islam, a kind of inlay work was common, the method of which was that cubes of a solid color in sides of four millimetre. They placed them on a plate with various patterns and nailed, and this method lasted for several centuries since Islam.
What’s the Method of Producing Inlay?
To producing Persian Inlay Artwork, the master cut the wood, bone or metal in the form triangular prisms and assembled. So, the cross-section of these individual triangles have regular geometric shapes, then by cutting thin sections. They glue them in on a thin sheet of wood, and after drying, apply them to the objects for decoration.
The Materials of Persian Inlay Artwork
IRAN ART EXHIBITION: The Ancient Inlay Artwork handicraft of Iranians is made of small triangles or regular polygons. These geometric shapes are from different materials such as bone, wood and metals. The artist uses different colorful woods in this Ancient Inlay Artwork of Iranian. For example, the woods are: ebony, betel, walnut (brown), jujube, orange, maple, and etc which are in different colors. The bones are from ivory, camels, cows and horses. And, the metals include brass, silver and sometimes for the most luxury product, the artist uses gold.
It’s clear that such great artistic Persian handicraft attracts more tourist to Iran. To explore Persia, you have to apply for Iran Tourist Visa, book your favorable hotel and travel to Persia. You can travel to Iran by your own vehicle or use public transportation. Travelling to Iran will bring you unforgettable moments from natural attractions to the historical and cultural sights.