IRAN ART EXHIBITION: WHAT IS APPLICATION OF JAJIM RUGS?
What is Jajim, perhaps is a common question of people interested in traditional Iranian handicrafts. Jajim is one of the beautiful handicrafts of Iran, which is woven with colored threads in small widths and long lengths. Our article includes Origin of the word “Jajim”, its history, application, material and size and designs. also we explore advantages and disadvantages of Jajim, different types of Jajim and the highest number of its production in the provinces of Iran.
Firstly, we should tell you that this product is a type of traditional persian handicraft. Jajim wove with the weaver’s hands and feet with help of a simple machine in all provinces of Iran.
Origion of the word “Jajim”
Due to similar words in Turkish such as Gichim, Gijim and Jajim, this word seems to be a Turkish word. Jijim in Turkish is composed of “Jij”, which means beautiful and full of patterns, and “im” means mine and the first person singular pronoun. These words also use in Turkmenistan and the Caucasus and Turkish-speaking cities in Iran such as Mahabad, Zanjan and Birjand.
History of Jajim in Iran
No exact document or information is available on the history of this type of weave in Iran. In an old persian Book related to about 1000 years ago, a Cloth similar to Jajim is mentioned. Its history, probably goes back to more than 1000 years ago.
Application of Jajim
Some of the applications of this product includes bedding, bedspreads, rugs, bed covers, chair covers and backrests. Today, this product also use in a variety of bags, shoes and sofa covers.
IRAN ART EXHIBITION: This product wove from wool, cotton, silk, acrylic and goat hair. However, most of The main material of Jajim is mostly wool.
The size of Jajim
The size of this product varies according to the geographical regions of Iran.
The benefits of Jajim
Jajim woven from wool absorbs humidity. Using it in the cold regions as a blanket is useful instead of using Balnkets made from artificial matetials, especially in rheumatic patients. Also in the warm regions, you can use cotton woven jajim to keep the body cool.
Disadvantages of Jajim
You should be so careful when you are washing woven jajims made from wool. In hot water, changes occur in the texture of these products and their size changes. Therefore, you should use cold water to wash this type of hand-woven.
Which province of Iran has the highest number of Jajim production?
In Iran, the highest volume of Jajim production is related to the nomads of Ardabil province. The nomads of Ardabil, Meshkinshahr, Khalkhal and Namin weave this product.
IRAN ART EXHIBITION: Jajim is a handmade carpet with a small thickness. A kind of beautiful substructure that is full of patterns. Its name is derived from the compound word Jiji meaning beautiful and full of figures. The history of Jajim weaving goes back to the villagers and nomads of the Turkic language.
The fibers used in handmade Jajim carpets are cotton and wool, which, unlike carpets, do not have lint. Handmade Jajim carpet has different types that are mostly woven on one or two sides, like the Jajim of the Qashqai tribe is usually woven on both sides and has congressional patterns and drawings. For making these beautiful pieces of art, After preparing the cotton or wool coils, the weavers place the hanger horizontally, and by holding the threads in place, they start weaving.
People used handmade Jajim as a mat, rug, and bridal shower gift. During the migration season, they used it as a cover for nomads’ objects. However, this tradition remains strong in many villages.
Due to the type of Jajim vertical stripe pattern, the threads make the pattern and rainbow-like pattern. Weavers fixed and closed Jajim Threads. are in limited numbers. These beautiful floorings are part of Iran’s history and civilization, which can be presumed that is more common in cold regions.
Jajim patterns, like kilims, are made and created by nomads and weaving villagers. Nomads show their environment in beautiful and simple colors and patterns and bring it to the eyes of the audience.